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JEHAN DE DUNOIS, comrade-in-arms with Joan of Arc


The bastard of Orléans
(23/11/1402 - 24/11/1468)

The illegitimate son of Louis of Orléans (brother of King Charles VI) and Mariette d'Enghien, the wife of Aubert de Cany-Dunois (Charles of Orléans' half-brother, advisor and chamberlain), he was raised by his father and Valentine Visconti, his lawful wife.

Feats of arms and legitimacy

At the age 25, he already distinguished himself at the siege of Montargis and became the comrade-in-arms of Joan of Arc, taking part at her side in her triumphal entry into the city of Orléans and in the victory of Patay in 1429.


In 1432, Charles VII allowed him to reduce the city of Chartres to royal obedience and then in 1436 he took Paris back from the English.

On 21 July 1439, he was honoured by the king who then recognised him as a legitimate prince in the Orléans family, and made him grand chamberlain.

 

He offered him the count-ship of Longueville near Dieppe.

He also received the count-ship and viscount-ship of Dunois, obtained from his half-brother Charles the poet in gratitude for managing his assets and arranging for his liberation in England after several years of captivity.

Other acts of bravery meant that he received the title of lieutenant general representing the king. He succeeded in chasing the English from Normandy little by little in 1450 and in conquering Guyenne also occupied by the English.

He is someone who made his mark on the reign of Charles VII, a man of war recognised to have been a shrewd strategist and diplomat. 

He died, from illness, at Hay-aux-Roses near Paris and is buried at Notre-Dame de Cléry (Loiret).


 



Dunois and Châteaudun


The Orléans family established itself in Châteaudun from 1395 until 1710 when, through marriage, the Duke of Luynes and Chevreuse brought it into the Luynes family.


When Dunois took possession of his estates, with his second wife Marie d'Harcourt, he had the castle built and showed himself to be innovative in terms of architecture, imagining a compromise between fortress and living place.

Having become a legitimate prince of royal blood, he had a "Sainte Chapelle" built where, after his death, his heart was placed in a funeral urn that was desecrated and lost during the Revolution.

When he died, his descendants the Longuevilles continued with embellishing the Dunois wing, decorating the Sainte-Chapelle and also added the North wing known as the Longueville wing.

 

 

 



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